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Oxford: Oxford University Press Ballare col nemico? Mountain Research and Development, 30 International Mountain Society. Schlieter, Jens ed. Was ist Religion? Stuttgart: Reclam. Murten Classics.
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Bern: Arbeitsgruppe Kartenbibliothekare. Kleine Schriften zum Recht. Morey, Stephen ; Post, Mark William eds. North East Indian Linguistics, Vol. Cambridge University Press India. Hagmann, Tobias ; Ifejika Speranza, Chinwe eds. European Journal of Development Research: Vol. Basingstoke, United Kingdom: Palgrave Macmillan. Raum — Perspektive — Medium 2: Wahrnehmung im Blick. Trier: WVT. Brockhaus, Immanuel ; Weber, Bernhard eds.
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Journal of cardiovascular medicine, 11 5 , pp. Hagerstown, Md. Systematic diagonal and vertical errors in antisaccades and memory-guided saccades. International Group for Eye Movement Research Experimental brain research, 3 , pp. Berlin: Springer Abel, Thomas Social determinants of health: working continuously towards change. International journal of public health, 55 4 , pp. Abel, Thomas ; Bolliger-Salzmann, Heinz Gesundheit gemeinsam gestalten: Vol. Frankfurt am Main: Mabuse-Verlag. Abendschein, Hartmut In: Abendschein, Hartmut ed. Bern, Schweiz: edition taberna kritika Tetraamine-derived bifunctional chelators for technetiumm labelling: synthesis, bioconjugation and evaluation as targeted SPECT imaging probes for GRP-receptor-positive tumours.
Chemistry - a European journal, 16 7 , pp. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH An optimised compact electron impact ion storage source for a time-of-flight mass spectrometer. International journal of mass spectrometry, 1 , pp. Amsterdam: Elsevier In: Lacoste, H. Abraham, Andrea Zur Untrennbarkeit von Narration und Medizinanthropologie. Varianz als Norm. Landscape and well-being: a scoping study on the health-promoting impact of outdoor environments. International journal of public health, 55 1 , pp. Abrantes, Luisa M. Heterocycles, 81 1 , pp.
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Br J of clinical Pharmacology Access to specialized pediatric cancer care in Switzerland. Hoboken, N. Adam, Silke PR-Evaluation und -Planung aus der Netzwerkperspektive. Methoden und Forschungslogik der Kommunikationswissenschaft: Vol. Herbert von Halem Verlag. Studying media content from a network perspective: a systematic combination of relational content and network analysis. Adam, Silke ; Maier, Michaela Does the type of campaign make the difference?
Domestic or Europeanized election campaigns? The role of euro-skeptic parties in the European Parliament election. In: ohne Verlag. In: Salmon, Charles T. Communication Yearbook, vol. London: Routledge. Optogenetic deconstruction of sleep-wake circuitry in the brain. Frontiers in molecular neuroscience, 2, p. Frontiers Research Foundation Adams, M. Free products of pseudocomplemented semilattices - revisited. With respect to the question of whether the German nation as a whole was primarily a victim or a perpetrator, many writers were understandably ambivalent.
The Communist writer Johannes R. Becher, later to be Minister of Culture in the German Democratic Republic, was a good example of that ambivalence. Invoking the millions of German soldiers who had become casualties of war, Becher implied that such soldiers were primarily victims of the Nazis, not perpetrators of a criminal war. If Germans perceived themselves as victims of the Nazis, they would be less likely to identify themselves with the Nazis. All too many Germans, Wolf wrote, were seeking to exculpate themselves, claiming never to have committed any crimes nor to have been even partially responsible for injustice.
All too many Germans were turning away from the question of guilt and sticking their heads in the sand, Wolf argued. Instead of looking to others and blaming them for crimes, the playwright suggested, Germans ought to begin by examining their own consciences. In the course of such an examination they might come to realize that the ruined city of Berlin and many other ruined European cities were concrete reminders of German guilt.
Bertolt Brecht was similarly ambivalent in his judgment of the German people. And yet in private Brecht was far more critical and suspicious of ordinary Germans, acknowledging the existence of widespread popular support for the Nazis. During the winter of —3, as his regiment is decimated at Stalingrad, Vilshofen begins to question not only the leadership of the German high command but also the morality of the war itself. It is not the proud German eagle that should be the symbol of Nazi Germany, Vilshofen recognizes, but rather the crow, feeding on weakness, disease, and death. How does the dead Stalingrad army weigh in the balance, how much does this ghostly procession of prisoners weigh?
What else must be laid upon the scales? Can guilt be weighed? How can it be weighed? It was not the bad officers. No, it was he, who had possessed credibility. As Vilshofen sees it, Gnotke: had retraced his steps to the source of the German disease. At the end of the novel Gnotke and Vilshofen are seen marching through the frozen Volga landscape; their path toward each other is a path toward understanding and recognition of guilt. In sabotaging German planes, Oderbruch is betraying the trust of his friends and comrades; but at the same time he is fighting against the larger evil of Nazi tyranny and making it more difficult for his Luftwaffe comrades to carry out Nazi military policy.
You looked on and did nothing to save him. That is the guilt for which there can be no forgiveness. In his last meeting with Oderbruch, the latter acknowledges to Harras his own role in the sabotage and explains his motivation. Then the world is lost. You were right in everything. But such superiority, far from exculpating Harras, actually makes him doubly guilty. Precisely because he is an effective, charismatic military leader, his failure to oppose the Nazis bears particular weight. As a revolutionary conservative brought up in the tradition of Prussian elitism, von Salomon despised the plebeian Nazis and kept his distance from them throughout the years of the Third Reich.
Der Fragebogen was based on the questionnaires distributed by American occupation authorities to German civilians in the immediate postwar years for the purpose of determining the extent of their complicity with the Nazi regime. By taking the questionnaire to such an absurd extreme, von Salomon sought to demonstrate the absurdity of the American questionnaires themselves. His book was essentially an autobiography covering the span of German history in the first half of the twentieth century, in which von Salomon had been born and lived most of his life.
It would be impossible to understand his own individual life and actions, von Salomon seemed to be saying, without also understanding the entire complex history of the German nation. The individual, he believed, is caught up in a collective which he did not necessarily choose, but from which he cannot escape. Far from being a criminal, the helpless individual is in fact a victim. This chapter begins with a description of the so-called Night of Broken Glass Reichskristallnacht , the officially organized pogrom against German Jews that occurred on November 9, Von Salomon and his female companion Ille experience the pogrom while strolling around their bourgeois neighborhood of Charlottenburg in Berlin, where they see SA thugs breaking the windows of stores owned by Jews.
The people means you, and me. But, God damn it all! I never gave them any mandate! When I thought a thing ought to be done I did it myself. In the first three sentences of this passage, von Salomon is a member of the German people in whose name crimes are committed; in the last three sentences, von Salomon is an individualist insisting on his own autonomy.
For von Salomon, the rise of the Nazis is the result not of specific political and moral failures but rather part of a much larger modern catastrophe involving the loss of religious faith and the rise of large-scale, impersonal collectives that render the individual powerless. It is not so much that upright people are few in number.
Everything that is happening about us is not the product of the internal life of those who are doing it; it is the product of a collective. And a man who will not accept and believe in that collective is dead. The collective always acts unconditionally. It also demands our unconditional faith and acceptance.
But this collective has not gathered us up into itself, it has atomised us. Atomised frag ments cannot constitute a community, but only an explosive mass. Such individualists have become mere atoms without a connection to the German whole, he believes. Even individualist Germans who are excluded from the Nazi collective are incapable of resisting the onslaught of barbarism. They are, von Salomon argues, also zombies, because they do not participate in the life of the all-powerful collective.
In their lifelessness and impotence, they are even more victimized than the actual victims. Non-Jewish German individualists are far more to be pitied than Jews, he insists, blatantly minimizing the persecution of the Jews while maximizing the description of his own purported victimization.
He must therefore endure the hatred of the very woman whom he has tried to help. In her eyes — he believes — he is simply drawing unwanted attention to her, therefore making her even more vulnerable to her tormentors. Von Salomon draws the conclusion — logical only if one accepts his premise of an all-powerful Nazi collective — that any demonstration of civil courage is necessarily counterproductive, resulting only in further degradation. It is at any rate the only decent course. And it is also the most difficult thing in the world, a sort of Gandhi-ism without Gandhi.
The helpless individual withdraws into heroic but impotent paralysis, observing with melancholy scorn the degradation of the world around him. There seemed to be something to the methods of the psychoanalysts after all. Like himself and Frau Imming, most Germans during the Third Reich were caught up in political developments which they were helpless to resist.
Das Beil von Wandsbek is the story of Albert Teetjen, a butcher in Hamburg who is facing severe competition from large department stores. For 2, marks, Teetjen — covered in a black mask to preserve his anonymity — chops off the heads of the condemned men. Initially, the butcher and his pretty wife Stine seem to have regained their financial stability as a result of this unconventional execution; but it is not long before word gets out in the neighborhood that their newfound prosperity is based on blood money.
In the end, Teetjen loses almost all of his customers and is forced to give up his butcher shop; he and his wife commit suicide. They have betrayed their fellow working men and women and must therefore die. Their fate is that of Judas Iscariot in the Bible. Albert Teetjen is an ordinary man, a petit-bourgeois shopkeeper afraid of social decline. The guilt with which he covers himself has its origin in economic desperation. Those with money can easily afford the luxury of being without Schuld — in both senses of the word — but the poor have a far more difficult time.
Albert Teetjen is faced with financial ruin — a mountain of debt — and he therefore also takes upon himself moral ruin — a mountain of guilt. The thoughtful prison warden Heinrich Koldewey, a traditional German conservative, detests Hitler and the Nazis, and he is convinced of the innocence of his four prisoners; but he does nothing to save the men in his care, and any efforts he makes against Hitler are too little, too late. But it is the socially weak and impecunious butcher Teetjen who becomes the embodiment of German guilt. Poor people have little or no influence over the course of political affairs; it is the wealthy members of the educated bourgeoisie who organize and profit from politics throughout most of the world; when things go wrong, however, they do not want to pay the price.
If Marx had viewed the capitalist system as the organized expropriation of surplus value for the benefit of the wealthy, then Zweig views the discourse of collective guilt as the organized foisting-off of responsibility onto the poor and powerless. The ruling classes steal not only money but also innocence; the lower classes are not just poor but also — therefore — guilty. If Teetjen is Judas, then Koldewey and his kind are Pontius Pilate, seeking to wash their hands of guilt by implicating the common people.
They had underwritten his wanderings with their lives. Because art for the Philistine Friedrich Wilhelm had always been a compensation and cosmetic disguise for an inadequate social reality — in other words: a lie — Siegfried subjects his art to the most severe of aesthetic and moral criteria. The thought of causing a life that could be subjected to unforeseeable encounters, coincidences, actions, and reactions and which through deed, thought, or further reproduction of its own could once again have consequences throughout the future, the idea of being the father of a child, this provocation to the world, truly appalled him and spoiled any contact with girls for him, even if they were using contraceptives, which were in and of themselves already humiliating and disgusting, and which humiliatingly and disgustingly pointed out the very thing which was to be prevented.
His refusal of sexual intercourse is a logical refusal to propagate the family itself. As the Nazi regime collapsed, Adolf and his comrades were packed into a train and shipped off; but the train was stopped by enemy bombers. As Adolf and his fellow schoolboys make their way by foot along the railroad tracks after leaving the train, they suddenly encounter a group of inmates from a concentration camp who have themselves escaped from a train.
The children trembled in their Party school uniforms. And Adolf thought that his father was probably dead, that he must be dead; but the fact that his father was dead said nothing to him. If he was crying, then he was crying for himself, or maybe not even for himself, he did not know why he was crying, maybe he was crying for the world, but he was not crying because of his father. Had he not loved him? Had he hated him? While Adolf feels a profound sense of guilt when confronted with the Jewish boy — it is this sense of guilt that makes him and the other boys afraid of punishment — he is simultaneously unable to separate himself from his father, a Nazi criminal.
Adolf is therefore pulled in conflicting directions. Perhaps his father, like the father of the Jewish boy, is dead; perhaps he even deserved to die. Whereas the atheist Siegfried has dedicated himself to music as a substitute father-figure and superego, Adolf dedicates himself to God. The greater power of God protects Adolf from his seemingly omnipotent biological father, but at the same time Adolf fears revenge from that real father, a human god of death and destruction.
Eva mourns for the lost and betrayed German Reich and for the dead Hitler, and she feels guilty for having survived the death of her beloved hero. To have survived Hitler is to have made oneself guilty, as if one had contributed to his death. Eva Judejahn is thus a fury seeking revenge.
In the service of Hitler, Judejahn imagines himself magnificent and powerful, lord over life and death. The murder that he commits at the end of the novel comes at the very moment when he feels his own mortality, shortly before the heart attack that ends his life. Powerless to defend himself, Judejahn then receives extreme unction from none other than his son the priest, the representative of the very God whom he has spent his entire life trying to escape. Because of the guilt that they have inherited, Adolf and Siegfried seek in their own different ways to atone for the sins of their fathers, but in the end they are unable to escape from the hell that the Nazis have created.
They have become the executors of their own damnation. Ultimately this novel describes an inferno in which all of its major figures live in varying degrees of torment. Germans know the horrors from which they are trying to escape, but they have no idea where to find a possible refuge. The furies they carry with them wherever they go will quickly seek them out and punish them. Originally in the Deutsche Rundschau, August Wer war an Hitler schuld?
Die Debatte um die Schuldfrage — Munich: Minerva, , Knopf, , Vansittart, Lessons of My Life, Henry Morgenthau, Jr. Morgenthau, Germany is Our Problem, Saul K. In the subsequent pages Barnouw also explores some of the ambiguities and complexities of official U. Army anti-fraternization policies in Germany. Ashton New York: Dial Press, , Der Horizont ist eng geworden. Der Horizont verengte sich. Man machte nicht mehr Weltgeschichte. Lowe-Porter London: Martin Secker, , Ron H. Feldman, —36; here, New York: Grove Press, Originally published in Jewish Frontier, January Originally published in The chapter from which this sentence is taken does not appear in the published English-language translation.
This sentence does not appear in the English-language version. Constantine Fitzgibbon London: Putnam, , — Das ist eine bittere Wahrheit. Padover, Experiment in Germany, Publications, , Sidney B. Beck, , In subsequent editions of the novel, this passage does not begin the chapter. Holz, Christliche Weltanschauung, Jean Steinberg New York: Praeger, , Eure Sucht, zu greifen, greift nun nach euch. Ihr selbst habt die Materie zum Material gemacht. Wundert euch nicht! Oktober Munich: Kaiser, , Cited in Herf, Divided Memory, , note 8.
Hull, —; here, New York: Pantheon, For a critique of Jung, see Dr. Translation slightly altered. Der Sinn politischer Haftung erlaubt es niemandem auszuweichen. In ihnen wird das Volk mit verurteilt. Jaspers, The Question of German Guilt, Jeder ist, wenn er eigentlich ist, das deutsche Volk. Juli bis Mitte Mensch, wo bist du gewesen? Ich hatte mich damals bereits meiner wahren Verantwortung begeben. Wir werden heute verantwortlich gemacht und wollen doch nicht verantwortlich gemacht werden.
Werner Hecht et al. Eric Bentley, in Brecht, Werke, vol. Translation modified. Richard and Clara Winston, Wieviel wiegt die tote Stalingradarmee, wieviel wiegt dieser gespenstische Gefangenenzug, und was ist noch auf die Schale zu legen? Ist die Schuld aufzuwiegen, wie ist sie aufzuwiegen? For an alternative Englishlanguage translation: Plievier, Stalingrad, trans. Ursula Heukenkamp, vol. Sogar Weib und Kinder. Sie haben zugeschaut und ihn nicht gerettet. Dann ist die Welt verloren. Fallen Sie nicht um, Oderbruch.
Sie hatten recht, mit allem. Influenced by the Eichmann and Auschwitz trials in the early s, and after further criticisms that the figure of Harras was not presented in a sufficiently negative light — and, conversely, that the figure of Oderbruch had failed to appear in a sufficiently positive light — Zuckmayer published a slightly revised version of Des Teufels General in ; in this version Zuckmayer made it even clearer that Harras ultimately accepts his own guilt.
Manfred Durzak Stuttgart: Reclam, , — Doch, ich auch! Wir alle! Sie haben immer nur einen Auftrag des Volkes vollstreckt. Volk, das bist auch du und bin auch ich. Aber ich habe, verdammt nochmal, keinen Auftrag gegeben. Alles, was um uns herum geschieht, lebt nicht aus denen heraus, die es tun; es lebt aus einem Kollektiv heraus. Wer sich zu diesem Kollektiv nicht bekennen kann, der ist tot. Das Kollektiv handelt immer unbedingt. Es verlangt auch das unbedingte Bekenntnis. Aber dieses Kollektiv, es hat uns nicht aufgenommen, sondern atomisiert.
Atomisierte Teilchen bilden keine Gemeinschaft, sondern eine Sprengmasse. My translation. For an alternative English translation, see von Salomon, The Answers, In German: von Salomon, Der Fragebogen, — Und es ist zugleich das Schwerste, was es gibt, eine Art Gandhismus ohne Gandhi. An den Methoden der Psychoanalyse schien doch etwas dran zu sein.
Michael Hofmann London: Penguin, , I cite the Hofmann translation unless otherwise noted. Er hatte nur zugesehen. Sie hatten sein Wandern mit dem Tod gebilligt. For alternative translations, see 49 in the Hofmann version and 50 in the Savill version. For an alternative translation, see in the Hofmann version. For alternatives, see in the Hofmann translation and in the Savill translation. Tote guckten sie an. Hatte er ihn nicht geliebt? Er glaubte es nicht. For alternative translations, see 75—76 in the Hofmann version and 79—80 in the Savill version.
Schmutzige Fliegen. For an alternative translation, see 68 in the Hofmann version. Koeppen, Death in Rome Savill translation , In both the original and the two published English-language translations, this phrase is part of a rhetorical question. However Der Tod in Rom was not published until , well after the zero hour itself. In other words their response to what appeared to be an unprecedented event was in fact predetermined by tradition. All access to the past may have been broken off, but the inability to connect with the past does not yet imply the compensatory turn toward the future that was later to become part of the zero hour myth.
In this context both survival and death seem little more than coincidences, without fundamental meaning. The only thing we could do was not to be loud and not to have too much weight. All it would have taken would have been for someone to start shouting, and we 3 would all have been lost. The abyss over which the narrator floats is his present, and the present is all he has. Only small size and light weight offer the possibility of a grace that might blow him over the danger zone.
Powerlessness is the fundamental fact of a zero hour in which human agency has been reduced to nothingness. In this world of nullity, human response can take two possible routes. On the one hand people can acknowledge the fact of their powerlessness; on the other, they can seek, through frenetic activity, to hide their impotence from themselves and others. For those in the first group, the destruction of their world means the end of ordinary life; while the second group clings desperately to ordinary life in order to obscure a more profound reality.
Again and again he describes his alienation from the routine activities of life. The people on this side and on the 6 other side have begun to hate each other. And he dared not look behind, for behind him was noth7 ing but fire. The subject of the parable has no mother and therefore no connection to a reassuring past or to tradition. Nor has he willed his own coming into the world.
Far from being a hero of the zero hour, the narrator of this parable is at an utter loss. No visions of a grand rebuilding or of a newer, better Germany make the loss of the past more bearable; instead, the narrator suggests that the destruction of Hamburg heralds the end of European history. The city and the continent are both gone for good. What remain are the living dead and those who are already ghosts. Even those who have busied themselves with the ordinary tasks of daily life are not necessarily thinking up grand schemes for the future: like their counterparts, they are lost in a present from which there is no release.
In the midst of their frenetic activity they suddenly stop, forgetting any projects they may have, and gather together with other people to listen to the news. To an outsider it must have seemed as if we had a lot of time, and yet we were people without rest. Everything we did be10 came instantly meaningless in our own eyes. The dissociation from time renders meaning impossible. For those outside time, any action taking place within time makes no sense.
Hence ordinary life has become radically alienating for the narrator. It is only in the context of the disappearance of the past and the absence of the future that the narrator is able to find himself in a present that, precisely through the terrible alienation of everyday life, bears the seeds of transformation and transcendence. Civil and political authority have disappeared, along with all those aspects of life that bind human beings to routine. Already the narrator is aware that this hour of a nothingness that gives access to the infinite will soon come to an end.
The stage-set is missing, the appearance of reality. But now everyday life has become permanently alienated, and human beings know that it is nothing but a game, without deeper reality. The narrator now finds himself in an alliance with the divine — even if the divinity is death itself. Rather than playing with the attributes of an existence now recognized to be unreal, the narrator plays with his divine friend and ally. And time 18 sits sadly in a corner, feeling useless.
Because of his alliance with a divine presence outside of time, the narrator-writer is able to preserve an element of eternity in the midst of destruction. Although the narrator asks himself why he is writing, he leaves his question unanswered, as if it were purely rhetorical, since a narrator can do nothing but narrate. Although the narrator claims to make himself infinitesimally small, his alliance with a divinity greater than himself enlarges him and makes possible precisely that rainbow bridge over the abyss that he had previously claimed was illusory.
The narrator may have rejected the maternal power of time, of clocks, and of everyday life, but he has become an ally of an even greater masculine power in the face of which everything else seems negligible. Every afternoon he comes through the old gateway. We always ask him 20 to take us home with him. Why and for whom is the narrator telling his story?
When was a voice ever lost? In a sense it made me immune to events, so that I never participated in them completely and they found no point of attack. Yes, it must have functioned as a 24 kind of magic cap. If the narrator of Der Untergang had declared that the only possibility for survival lies in not being loud and not having too much weight, then the narrator of Nekyia has found precisely the means by which he can make himself disappear, thus eliminating all vulnerability to the outside world.
His verse and his singing voice are his talisman. The narrator of Nekyia seems to have survived the unspecified catastrophe as a kind of ghost. When he returns to the unnamed city, which seems to have been emptied of all its inhabitants, he enters a house and looks into a mirror in which he cannot see himself or any of the objects that lie before his eyes, even though he can see all of the objects that lie behind him.
Nor does the narrator have a name. Prior to the catastrophe he had a name, but he has now become separated from that name. He indulges in the Romantic fantasy that his name — like the mirror image bartered away by Erasmus Spikher in E. The wind blows it away — perhaps someone finds it and can do something with it; but perhaps it falls into a puddle and dissolves.
Why is the world empty of other ghosts? Because only a living person could be as lonely as I was. Previously, the narrator remembers, people had treated him as if he had been a ghost, bumping into him on the street as if they did not even see him. It was his previous life, hence, that was inauthentic, unreal. As in Der Untergang, time seems to have ceased functioning. Time is a function of the world that has come to an end with the catastrophe. The narrator lives in an absolute present in which only mutual communication guarantees existence, and in which lack of communication, and lack of recognition, mean annihilation.
In the past there was nothing more reliable than the counting of time. Everything was precisely divided and could be expressed in numbers. Someone was thirty years old and someone else had lived a thousand years ago. These calculations were probably correct, but the precondi32 tions are no longer the same. Time has been shattered. In this postcatastrophic world of the zero hour, designations of time no longer have a meaning. If the narrator turns his face to those who lived a thousand years ago, then they are there, and he can speak to them.
Both are part of an immeasurable present. Towards the end of the story the narrator finds himself, together with a friend-enemy who functions as his alter ego, in a nebulous crater full of wet clay. While speaking with his alter ego, he watches in amazement as his creation comes to life: Soon I thought I discerned a twitching of her legs, as if she were trying to raise her foot from the ground. Then again it was as if breast and stomach were rising and she were breathing. One would only have had 37 to call her by a name, and she would have walked towards us. At the same time, the destruction of his alter ego buries the narrator himself, who sinks into nothingness, separated from his past and from everything else that is familiar.
As he tells this story to a woman he sees in the mirror of the empty house he had explored earlier, he imagines himself kneeling before her and burying his face in her womb, as if doing penance for having arrogated to himself the power of creation that belongs to mothers.
Vom unvergleichlichen Wert einer Grimmelshausen-Bibliographie
The fundamental task that the narrator must accomplish is a reconciliation between the stern, eternal law of the fatherjudge and the softer, evanescent matriarchal power of the creator-mother. And how much new damage would be caused by this: everything would have been in vain. It is possible, he believes, that instead of causing a catastrophe, this return to everyday life, however premature, might ultimately bring about precisely the universal reconciliation which he desires. Barthlott : Granitic and gneissic outcrops inselbergs as centers of diversity for desiccation-tolerant vascular plants.
Barthlott : Factors controlling species richness of inselbergs. In: Porembski, S. Inselbergs: biotic diversity of isolated rock outcrops in tropical and temperate regions. Biedinger, N. Porembski : Vascular plants on inselbergs: systematic overview. Porembski : Why study inselbergs? Ecological Studies Vol. Bothalia Barthlott : How plants shape the ant community in an Amazonian rainforest canopy: the role of extrafloral nectaries and homoptera honeydew.
Oecologia Supthut, D. Barthlott : Professor Dr. Werner Rauh in Heidelberg verstorben. Kakteen und andere Sukkulenten 51 6 : Barthlott : Revision of the genus Genlisea Lentibulariaceae in Africa and Madagascar with notes on ecology and phytogeography.
Nordic J. Barthlott : Vegetation of seasonal rock pools on inselbergs in the savanna zone of the Ivory Coast West Africa. In: Biedinger, N. Barthlott : Chemical composition and recrystallization of epicuticular waxes: coiled rodlets and tubules. Deutscher Umweltpreis , S. Barthlott : Some aspects of North American phytodiversity and its biogeographic relationships. In: Breckle, S. Arndt eds. Results of worldwide ecological studies. Symposium A. Schimper-Foundation, Hohenheim. Engwald, S. Barthlott : Epiphytes in rain forests of Venezuela-diversity and dynamics of a biocenosis.
Breckle, S. Arndt Eds. Barthlott : Ecology, biogeography and diversitiy of the Bolivian epiphytic cacti — with the discription of two new taxa. Bradleya Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart, S. Rauer, G. Barthlott : The convention on biodiversity and botanic gardens. Botanic Gardens and Biodiversity. Barthlott : Direct access to plant epicuticular wax crystals by a new mechanical isolation method. Plant Sci. Seine : First experimental evidence for zoophagy in the Hepatic Colura. Plant biol.
Nachrichten aus der Chemie Barthlott : Biodiversity research in botany. Progress in Botany Barthlott : Patterns of neotropical epiphyte diversity. Selbyana 20 1 : Keynote speech. Biodiversity and development. Exchanging expierences—building visions. An international symposium and conference October, , Isle of Vilm, Germany, pp. Mutke : Biodiversity - the uneven distribution of a treasure.
Mutke : Globale Artenvielfalt und ihre ungleiche Verteilung. Senckenberg Barthlott : Diversity and phytogeography of inselberg vegetation in the Zambesian region. In: Timberlake, J.
Deutsches Historisches Institut Paris
Kativu eds. African Plants: Biodiversity, taxonomy and uses. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, pp. Barthlott : Pitcairnia feliciana: the only indegenous African Bromeliaceae. Harvard Papers in Botany 4 1 : Tschapka, M. Barthlott : Bat-pollination of Weberocereus tunilla, an epiphytic rain forest cactus with functional flagelliflory.
Barthlott : Ultrastructure, chemical composition, and recrystallization of epicuticular waxes: transversely ridged rodlets. In: Niemitz, C. Niemitz Hrsg. Genforschung und Gentechnik. Tismer, G. Kakteen und andere Sukkulenten Neinhuis : Lotusblume und Autolack. In: Wissenschaftszentrum Nordrhein-Westfalen Hrsg. Das Magazin 10 1 : Volkmann : Immunogold localization of plant surface arabinogalactan-proteins using glycerol liquid substitution and scanning electron microscopy.
Mutke : Terminological and methodological aspects of the mapping and analysis of global biodiversity. Acta Bot. Fennica Barthlott : Structure and evolution of metareticulate pollen. Grana Porembski : Diversity and phytogeographical affinities of inselberg vegetation in tropical Africa and Madagascar.
In: Huxley, C. Cutler eds. Chorology, taxonomy and ecology of the floras of Africa and Madagascar. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Weberling, F. Barthlott : Lateral inflorescences — a distinguishing character of Nesocodon Thulin Campanulaceae Beitr. Pflanzen Barthlott : Nelumbo: Biology and systematics of an exceptional plant. In: Aoluo, Z. Sugong eds. Floristic Characteristics and diversity of East Asian plants. Proceedings of the first International Symposium on floristic characteristics and diversity of East Asian plants, July , , Kunming, Yunnan, P.
Barthlott : Diversity and ecology of saxicolous vegetation mats on inselbergs in the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest. Diversity and Distributions 4: In: Ehlers, E. Kraft Eds. German Global Change Research Potentiale und Perspektiven. Gutmann Hrsg. Porembski : Die Pflanzenwelt Brasiliens. In: Schacht, S. Heider Hrsg. Mai Verlag: Rudolph, D. Barthlott : Distributional patterns of epiphytes in the canopy and phorophyte characteristics in a western Andean rain forest in Ecuador. Selbyana 19 1 : In: Pape, T. Schokolade - eine kleine kulinarische Anthologie. Philipp Reclam, Stuttgart: Kraemer, M.
Proceedings of the Bilateral Symposium Bonn, Nov. Biologie in unserer Zeit Theisen : Epicuticular wax ultrastructure and classification of monocotyledons. The families and genera of vascular plants, Vol. Edelmann, H. Barthlott : Ultrastructure and chemistry of the cell wall of the moss Rhacocarpus purpurascens Rhacocarpaceae : a puzzling architecture among plants.
Barthlott : Vegetation of inselbergs in Zimbabwe. Lobin Hrsg. Pflanzenwelt 99, Akad. Biona-Report Congress GTBB. Mainz, Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart: Wilhelmi : Classification and terminology of plant epicuticular waxes. In: Korf, W. Mikat Hrsg. Lexikon der Bioethik.
Gemmel : First protozoa-trapping plant found. Nature August Barthlott : Seasonal changes of leaf surface contamination in beech, oak and ginkgo in relation to leaf micromorphology and wettability. New Phytol. Barthlott : Inselberg vegetation and the biodiversity of granite outcrops. Western Australia Mainz, F. Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart. Barthlott : Cyanobacteria and cyanobacterial lichens from inselbergs of the Ivory Coast, Africa.
Acta In: Holtz , U. Probleme der Entwicklungspolitik. Cicero Schriftenreihe Bd. Starke, T. Natur- und Landschaftskunde Barthlott : Characterization and distribution of water-repellent, self-cleaning plant surfaces. Annals of Botany Plant Syst. Barthlott : Ecological conditions and floristic diversity of an inselberg in the savanna zone of the Ivory Coast: Mt. In: Guillaumet, J. Puig Eds. Mund : Phytogeography and vegetation of tropical inselbergs.
Puig eds. Neinhuis : Purity of the sacred lotus, or escape from contamination in biological surfaces. Ditsch, F. Pflanzenwelt 97, Akad. Wilhelmi, H. Barthlott : Mikromorphologie der Epicuticularwachse und die Systematik der Gymnospermen. Pflanzenwelt 96, Akad. Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart, 49 S. Gross, E.
Barthlott : Pitcairnia koeneniana E. In: Rauh, W. Pflanzenwelt 95, Akad. In: Schmidt, L. Hoffmann und Campe Verlag, Hamburg, S. Barthlott : A species-poor tropical sedge community: Afrotrilepis pilosa mats on inselbergs in West Africa. Botany 16 3 : Barthlott : Biogeography and diversity of the inselberg Laja vegetation of southern Venezuela.
Biodiversity Letters 3: Barthlott : How diverse are neotropical epiphytes? An analysis based on the "Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru". Ecotropica 2: Barthlott : The tree leaf surface: structure and function. In: Renneberg, H. Ziegler eds. Contributions to modern tree physiology. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands, pp. Placke : Global distribution of species diversity in vascular plants: towards a world map of phytodiversity. Candollea Porembski : Biodiversity of arid islands in tropical Africa: the succulents of inselbergs.
In: Maesen, L. The biodiversity of African plants. Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. Barthlott : Plant species diversity of West African inselbergs. Theisen, I. Barthlott : Die Mikromorphologie epicuticularer Wachse bei den Caprifoliaceae. Feddes Repert. Wagner, T. Barthlott : Wettability and contaminability of insect wings as a function of their surface sculptures. Acta Zoologica 77 3 : Kew Bulletin 51 3 : In: Begemann, F.
Schriften zu Genetischen Ressourcen, Band Fleischmann, K. Porembski :Tropische Inselberge - der unbekannte Lebensraum. Modelle zum Studium der Artenvielfalt. Forschung, Mitteilungen der DFG 2: Porembski : Tropical inselbergs - the unexplored ecosystem. Models for studying the diversity of species. Reports of the DFG, german research 3: Porembski : Ecology and morphology of Blossfeldia liliputana Cactaceae : a poikilohydric and almost astomate succulent.
Botanica Acta Burr, B. Westerkamp : Staheliomyces Phallales visited by Trigona Apidae : melittophily in spore dispersal of an amazonian stinkhorn? Taylor : Hatiora - die Osterkakteen und ihre Verwandten. Kakteen und andere Sukkulenten 47 4 : Riederer : Waterlily, poppy, or sycamore: on the systematic position of Nelumbo. Frahm, J. Nova Hedwigia Barthlott : On the occurence of a velamen radicum in Cyperaceae and Velloziaceae. Akademie — Journal 2: Barthlott : A neglected habitat of carnivorous plants: Inselbergs. Theisen : Epicuticular wax ultrastructure and classification of Ranunculiflorae.
In: Jensen, U. Kadereit eds. Systematics and evolution of the Ranunculiflorae. Barthlott : Floristic, biogeographical and vegetational aspects of pre-cambrian rock outcrops inselbergs in eastern Bolivia. Schwab, M. Taylor : Notes towards a monograph of Rhipsalideae Cactaceae.
Barthlott : An inverted latitudinal gradient of plant diversity in shallow depressions on Ivorian inselbergs. Vegetatio Dilleniidae und Asteridae s. Pflanzenwelt 93, Akad. Gartenbauwissenschaft Vortrag Jahresfeier Loccumer Protokolle Barthlott : Micromorphology of epicuticular waxes in Fabales s.
Reichelt, S. Volkmann : Visualization of immunogold - labeled cytoskeletal proteins by scanning electron microscopy. Cell Biol. Rose, M. Barthlott : Pollen-connecting threads in Heliconia Heliconiaceae. In: Zizka, G. Klemmer eds. Kleine Senckenbergreihe 20, Palmengarten Sonderheft Barthlott : Notes on the Scrophulariaceae on Zimbabwean inselbergs, with the description of Lindernia syncerus sp.
Barthlott : Classification and distribution of the genus Nelumbo Adans. Wolter : Mimicry and ultrastructural analogy between the semi-aquatic grasshopper Paulinia acuminata Orthoptera: Pauliniidae and its foodplant, the water-fern Salvinia auriculata Filicateae: Salviniaceae. Biedinger : Vegetation of rock outcrops in Guinea: granite inselbergs, sandstone table mountains and ferricretes - remarks on species numbers and endemism. Barthlott : Chemistry and micromorphology of compound epicuticular wax crystalloids Strelitzia-type.
Barthlott : Coloured pollen in Cactaceae: a mimetic adaptation to hummingbird-pollination? Klemmer Hrsg. Barthlott : Some proposals on the infrageneric classification of Drosera L. Taxon Schumannia, Sonderheft der Deutschen Kakteen-Gesellschaft 1: Splett, S. Ezechias Paulo Heringer v. Barthlott : Aristolochia arborea: Biologie und Bedrohung einer bemerkenswerten Regenwaldpflanze aus Mittelamerika.
Der Palmengarten Hennig, S. Theisen : Mikromorphologie der Epicuticularwachse und die Systematik der Hamamelididae, Magnoliidae und Ranunculidae. Pflanzenwelt 90, Akad. Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart, 60 S. Pflanzenwelt 89, Akad. Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart, 62 S. Pflanzenwelt 88, Akad. Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart, 74 S. In: Behnke, H. Mabry eds. Evolution and systematics of the Caryophyllales. Botanik J Forensic Sci Porembski : Some remarks on the vegetation of tropical inselbergs: Diversity and ecological differentiation. Biogeographica 69 3 : Lobin : Der Botanische Garten Bonn.
Barthlott : Liquid substitution: A versatile procedure for SEM specimen preparation of biological materials without drying or coating. Bonner Sommerkurs, S. Barthlott : On the morphology of trichomes and tentacles of Droseraceae Salisb.. Pflanzen 68 7 : Barros : Leaf anatomy of Brazilian Eriocaulaceae and its diagnostic significance. Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Hamamelididae, Caryophyllidae, Rosidae. Pflanzenwelt 87, Akad. Pflanzenwelt 86, Akad.
Hunt : Cactaceae. In: Barthlott, W. Schuchmann Eds. Schuchman Eds.
- Items where Year is 2010.
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Barthlott : Ontogeny and morphological quality of the marginal bristles of Dionaea muscipula Ellis Droseraceae. Die Orchidee Barthlott : Epicuticular wax of Brassica oleracea: Changes in microstructure and ability to be contaminated of leaf surfaces after application of Triton X Pflanzenkrankheiten u.
Pflanzenschutz 99 5 : Steinhart Verlag, Titisee - Neustadt. Notes on miscellaneous genera of Cactaceae. Bradleya 9: Noga, G. Petry : Quantitative evaluation of epicuticular wax alterations as induced by surfactant treatment. Barthlott : On a velamen-like tissue in the root cortex of orchids.
Rosen, D. Decheniana